注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

传统文化、教育博客

s y d

 
 
 

日志

 
 

【转载】初中英语复习专辑之词类  

2014-10-29 16:22:21|  分类: 教育教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
本文转载自玉兔王子《初中英语复习专辑之词类》
 

初中英语复习专辑(1)——名词

名词的数

1、可数名词与不可数名词

A、不可数名词,初中阶段常见的不可数名词有:water ; meat ; rice ; bread ; milk ; tea ; orange(桔汁) ; fruit ; air ; snow ; chalk; work ; paper(纸) ; time(时间); music ; weather ; grass ; news ; food ; fish(鱼肉); coke ; porridge ; cake(可数或不可数). 不可数名词应注意以下几点:

1)前无数、冠,后无复数;作主语为三单.

2)表量用约数some /any ; much ; a lot of 或用of短语

eg. There is ____ bread on the table.      [C]

A. a      B. one    C. a piece of  D. many

   There is some_______ on the plate.   [B]

A. apple   B. fish    C. milks    D. deer

2、可数名词的复数

A、不规则变化:

man—men ; woman—women ;child—children

policeman—policemen

Englishman—Englishmen

Frenchman—Frenchmen

foot—feet ; tooth—teeth  mouse(鼠)—mice

B、规则变化

1)s; sh; ch; x 结尾加 es     读 [iz]

  2) ce; se; ze; (d)ge 结尾加 s

eg. boxes [b  ksiz]  blouses [blauziz]

  3)f (fe) 结尾则变f(fe)为v加es---读[vz]

  eg. knives [naivz]

  4) “辅+y”结尾变y为i加es  清就清[s]

  5)一般加s                 浊就浊[z]

 eg. books[buks]  pens[penz]  babies[beibiz]

但注意以下几点:

① potato—potatoes ; tomato—tomatoes

② 单复同形: fish ; sheep ; deer ; Chinese ; Japanese

③ 由man , woman在词首构成的复合名词应将两部分都变成复数

man doctor — men doctors

④ reef—reefs

⑤ “某国人”的复数:中日不变英法变,其余s加后面. eg. German—Germans

⑥ people , police 常用单数形式表示复数概念 The police are looking for the missing boy.

3、名词所有格:名词’s (意思是 “……的”)

A.有生命的名词所有格,一般在后加“’s”但注意:

1)表两者共有则在后者加“’s”

  Lucy and Lily’s father 露西和莉莉的父亲

 Lucy’s and Lily’s fathers露西的父亲和莉莉的父亲.

2)以s结尾的词只加“ ’ ”

eg. 1) the boys’ books  2) James’ father

3)无生命的名词所有格用of来引导

eg. the leg of the desk

4)双重所有格:a friend of my father’s

 a friend of mine ( √ ) a friend of my( × )

练    习

一、写出下列词的复数

1.book______ 2.bus ______ 3.orange _______

4.baby______ 5.boy______ 6.my ________

7.his_______ 8.knife______ 9.watch________

10.sheep ______ 11. tooth _____ 12. leaf ____

13.German__________ 14.Chinese_________

二、选择正确的答案

(  )1.—Are those ______?

---No, they aren’t. They’re _____.

A. sheep ; cows         B. sheep ; cow

C. sheeps ; cow         D. sheeps ; cows

(  )2.Mum, I’m quite thirsty. Please give me ____.

A. two orange  B. two bottles of orange

C. two bottles orange D. two bottles of oranges

(  )3.I have got ___ news from my friend. Do you want to know?

A. a very good       B. any

C. a piece of         D. two pieces

(  )4.___ room is on the 5th floor.

A. Lucy and Lily      B. Lucy and Lily’s

C. Lucy’s and Lily     D. Lucy’s and Lily’s

(  )5.Every morning Mr. Smith takes a ____ to his office.

A. 20 minutes’ walk B. 20 minute’s walk

C. 20-minutes walk D. 20-minute walk

(  )6.This is James Allan Green. We can call him ____.

A. Mr. Green       B. Mr. Allan

C. Mr. James       D. James Green

(  )7.Jack and Tom are ____.

A. good friends     B. good friend

C. a good friend    D. good a friend

(  )8.It’s only about ten ____ walk to the nearest post office.

A. minutes B. minute’s C. minutes’ D. minute

(  )9.He often has ____ for breakfast.

A. two breads        B. two piece of breads

C. two pieces of bread D. two pieces of breads

(  )10.Mrs. Green has two ____. They’re very bright.

A. childs  B. child  C. children’s D. children

(  )11.What did the headmaster say about Jim’s ______.

A. two months holiday B. two months’ holiday

C. two-month holiday D. two month’s holidays

(  )12.I won’t go there with you, for I have a lot of ____ to do.

A. works  B. job    C. work    D. working

(  )13.Li Lei is a friend of ___.

A. I sister           B. my sister’s

C. me sister         D. my sister of

(  )14.Have you read ____?

A. today’s           B. today paper

C. the today’s paper   D. today’s paper

(  )15.How many ___ are there in the room?

A. boxes   B. box   C. boxs   D. boxxes

(  )16.Many ____ have been built in our city since 1987.

A. factorys            B. factories

C. factoryes            D. factorys

(  )17.There are lots of ___ in the basket on the table .

A. tomatos B. tomato C. tomatoes D. tomatoss

(  )18.The cat caught two ___ last night.

A. mouses  B. mice   C. mouse   D. mices

(  )19.Jack went to have two ___ pulled out yesterday afternoon.

A. tooths  B. tooth   C. teeth  D. toothes

(  )20.In our school there are fifty-five ___.

A. women teachers    B. woman teachers

C. women teacher     D. woman’s teacher

(  )21.The three ___ will be put into prison.

A. thiefs  B. thief   C. thieves D. thiefs’

 

 

 

练习答案:

一、

1. books   2. buses   3. oranges

4. babies   5. boys    6. our

7. their    8. knives    9. watches

10. sheep  11. teeth    12. leaves

13. Germans   14. Chinese

二、

1——5 ABCBD    6—10 AACCD

11—15 CCBDA   16—21 BCBCAC

 

初中英语复习专辑(2)——冠词

1、不定冠词a, an

  a用在辅音音素开头的词前 eg. a book

  a useful book       a “u”

   [ju:sful]            [ju:]

an用于元音开头的词前. eg. an apple

an hour          an “F”

  [au ]           [ef]

2、定冠词the

1)特指某人/某物

 The book on the desk is mine.

2)世上独一无二的事物前

 the sun , the moon, the earth, the sky

3)形、副最高级及序数词前

 The third boy is the tallest of all.

(但当这些词前已有其他限定词,如物主代词、所有格、指示代词时,则不能再用the)

 He is my first English teacher.

4)the + 姓的复数表示 “某家人”或“某夫妇”。  the Greens 格林一家/ 格林夫妇

3、不用冠词的几种情况:

1)在星期、月份、季节前不用冠词

2)学科名词前

3)球类运动及早、中、晚三餐名词前(但:①当三餐名词前有修饰词时,则要加适当的冠词. ②表乐曲演奏的名词前应加the)

1) He went to school after he had a quick breakfast.

2) play the violin / piano

练    习

(  )1.There is ____ “s” in ____ word “bus”.

A. a ; a  B. an ; the  C. a ; the  D. an ; a

(  )2.Maths is ___ useful subject. You can’t drop it , I think.

A. an     B. a       C. the    D. /

(  )3.____ bad weather it is!

A. How   B. What a   C. How a D. What

(  )4.—What color is ___ orange?

--It’s _____ orange.

A. an; an   B. an ; the   C. an ; /  D. / ; an

(  )5.Mr. Li is ____ old worker.

A. an      B. a       C. some  D. /

(  )6.Look at ____ picture! There’s ____ house in it.

A. a ; a    B. the ; the  C. a ; the D. the; a

(  )7.One morning he found ____ handbag. There was ___ “s” on the corner of ___ handbag.

A. a ; an ; the          B. a ; a ; the

C. a ; a ; a             D. the ; an ; a

(  )8.What ___ interesting story it is!

A. a      B. an     C. the      D. /

(  )9.Meimei is ___ best student in her class.

A. a      B. an      C. /       D. the

(  )10.Tom is ___ kind boy. All ___ students love him.

A. a ; /    B. a ; the   C. an ; /   D. an ; the

(  )11.Is ___ book on the desk mine? Yes.

A. the     B. a       C. an     D. /

(  )12.Even while he was in ___ hospital, he went on writing songs.

A. a       B. an      C. the    D. /

(  )13.Don’t read _____.

A. in bed B. in the bed C. on bed D. on the bed

(  )14.Smith is ____ honest man.

A. a     B. the      C. an    D. /

(  )15.China has ___ population of 1,200,000,000.

A. /      B. an       C. the   D. a

(  )16.What’s ____ for “椅.子”?

A. English           B. an English

C. the English        D. any English

(  )17.Mary is ___ cleverer of the two girls.

A. the     B. a     C. an     D. much

(  )18.____ young must look after ___ old.

A. The ; a   B. The ; the  C. A ; a D. A ; the

(  )19. ___ earth is one of ____ planets.

A. The ; sun’s           B. The ; the sun         

C. The ; the sun’s        D. The ; the suns’

(  )20.Tokyo is ___.

A. the capital of Japan    B. capital of Japan

C. Japan capital        D. a capital of Japan

(  )21.Kate sometimes plays ___ violin(小提琴) and sometimes plays ___ table tennis before supper.

A. / ; the   B. the ; /  C. the ; the  D. / ; /

(  )22. –Have you seen ___ pencil? I left it here this morning.

--Is it ___ red one ? I saw it.

A. a ; the  B. the ; the  C. the ; a   D. a ; a

(  )23.There is_______ orange tree behind_____ house.

A. an ; the   B. a ; a   C. the ; the  D. an ; /

(  )24.—How long did you stay there ?

--About half ___ hour.

A. /   B. one     C. a       D. an

 

练习题答案:

1——5 DBDCA       6—10 DABDB

11—15 ADACD      16—20 AABCA

21—24 BDAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

初中英语专辑(3)——代词

(一)指示代词:this , that , these , those. this , that一般与可数名词的单数连用,而不与不可数名词连用(但that可单独指代不可数名词)。

that apple (  √  )  that meat (  ×  )

The weather in Sichuan is not so hot as ______ in Guangzhou.                    [that]

(二)人称代词、物主代词和反身代词

  1)人称代词:主格、宾格(作主语为主格, 作宾语为宾格; 介+宾格)

eg.   1)I thank you

      2)You thank me.

2)物主代词:形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。

一变(my—mine); 二留(his—his  its—its)

三加s(your—yours ; our—ours ; her—hers ; their—theirs)

用法:有名不名,无名是名

eg. This is _____(我的)book. This book is ______(我的).      [ my ; mine]

3)反身代词:某某自己;亲自

单数

复数

yourself

yourselves

myself

ourselves

himself

themselves

herself

itself

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

反身代词的常见搭配:

1.enjoy oneself 玩得高兴;过得愉快

2.hurt oneself 伤着自己

3.teach oneself = learn… by oneself 自学

4.(all) by oneself (完全)独立地

5.help oneself to   请自便;随便吃…

6.look after oneself  自理;照顾自己

7.leave one by oneself 把…单独留下

8.lose oneself in 陶醉于…;沉浸于…

 

(三)不定代词

 1)some与any

一般情况下,some用于肯定句,any用于否定句、疑问句(但表邀请、建议的问句中可用some—此类句型常以could , would开头)

 2)  many + 可数     = a lot of : 许多

much + 不可数

 (但a lot of不能用于否定句)

 3) few , a few ; little , a little

 

表否定

表肯定

可数

few(几乎没有)

a few(几个;一些)

不可数

little(几乎没有)

a little(一点儿少许)

①.The story is easy to read. There are ____new words in it.                [few]

②.Hurry up!  There is_____ time left. [little]

4)  everyone / anyone 不加of

  no one 不加 of

none of

(  )____ of us wants to read the book.  [B]

A. Everyone         B. Every one

C. Nobody          D. No one

5)other ,another , others

 

单数

复数

泛指

another

三者以上的另一个

定语

主语、宾语

other

some…others

特指

one…the other

一个…另一个

the others =the other+复名(另外的人或物)

①.We study _____ subjects besides Chinese.

②.May I have ___________ apple ?

③.These cups are clean. ________ are dirty.

④.I have two pens. One is red , ________ is blue.   [ other ; another ; others ; the others]

另外注意:one another   (三者以上的)相互

          each other   (两者的)相互

We should learn from each other(说明we指两个人)

They help one another (说明they指三个人以上)

 6) 二者与三者

 

复数

单数

单数

二者

both(都)

neither(都不)

either(任何一个)

三者

all(都)

none(都不)

any(任何一个)

注意:

① .both 否定 neither   all 否定 none

②.both , all 不但作主语为复数,且被修饰的词也为复数;neither , none作主语为单数,但none of + 复名,neither of + 复名

(  )1.____ of my parents is a teacher.   [B]

A. None   B. Neither  C. Both  D. All

(  )2.There are many trees on ____ side of the river.                             [C]

A. both  B. any   C. either  D. all

every one / any one of

 

7)   each: (二者以上的)每个——作主、宾、定)

every: (三者以上的)每个——只作定语)

①.____ student in the class likes English.

②.___ of the students studied hard.

                       [Every ; Each]

练     习

(  )1.____office is much smaller than ____.

A. Ours ; yours B. Our ; yoursC. Theirs ; our

(  )2. “Help___ to some meat.”my uncle said to me .

A. themselves  B. yourself  C. yourselves

(  )3. There are twenty teachers in our school. Eight of them are men teachers and ____ are women teachers.

A. others      B. the others     C. another

(  )4.There isn’t ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get ____ for me ?

A. any ; some  B. any ; any  C. some ; any

(  )5.There are many trees on ___ sides of the street.

A. both       B. all        C. each

(  )6.___ of them has a dictionary and ____ one of them can look up words in it.

A. Each ; every B. Every; each C. Every; every

(  )7. “When shall we meet, this afternoon or tonight?”

“I don’t mind. ____ time is OK.

A. Either      B. Every      C. Neither

(  )8.Would you like ___ cup of tea?

A. other       B. the other    C. another

(  )9.The two friends were so pleased to see each other that they forgot _____.

A. other everything     B. anything else

C. everything else.

(  )10.____ of his parents is a teacher.

A. Both       B. Neither      C. None

(  )11.The river is very dirty. ____ people go to swim in it.

A. Few       B. A few       C. Little

(  )12.A friend of ____ came to see ____ yesterday.

A. his ; his     B. he ; him      C. his ; him

(  )13.You can’t leave your baby by ___ at home.

A. herself      B. himself       C. itself

(  )14. My father is very busy with his work. He has ___ time to have a rest.

A. little        B. a little        C. few

(  )15.I have three skirts. One is red. ___ two are black.

A. another     B. the other    C. the others

(  )16.Jack has ___ friends here. So he often feels lonely.

A. a little      B. a few       C. few

(  )17.Who teaches ___ French?

A. we      B. our     C. us

(  )18.The boys were all tired, but ___ of them stopped to have a rest.

A. any      B. some   C. none

(  )19.Sorry, I can’t answer your question. I know ____ about the news.

A. a little    B. little    C. few

(  )20.—Hello, Bill! Help ____ to a cake .

—Thanks .

A. your      B. yourself  C. yourselves

四、数词

数词分为基数词和序数词。用于表示事物数目的词称为基数词,表示事物顺序的词称为序数词。

1.基数词(1000以内的基数词的读法)

365—three hundred and sixty-five

505—five hundred and five

2.基数词变序数词的方法:

  基变序,有规律;词尾要加th。

  一二三,特殊记;词尾分别tdd。

  八去t ,九去e ;ve则以f替。

  ty 则变作 ti    ; 后面还有一个e。

  要是遇到几十几;只将个位变成序。

eg. one—first  two—second  three—third

eight—eighth  nine—ninth  twelve—twelfth

twenty—twentieth 

twenty-one –-twenty-first

3.数词的应用:

A、时刻表达法:

a.       整点:基数词 + o’clock

eg. It’s eight o’clock now.

b.       几点几分:

 1.直接表达法:先小时后分

 eg. 3:25   three twenty-five

 2.间接表达法:先分后小时

1)(<30分钟)用past :分钟past 小时

eg. 3:25  twenty-five (minutes) past three

2) (>30分钟)用to:(60-分钟数) to (小时数+1)

 eg. 3:35 twenty-five (minutes) to four

3) 30分钟 = half  15分钟 = a quarter

eg. 3:30  three thirty = half past three

   3:15  three fifteen = a quarter past three.

   3:45  three forty-five = a quarter to four

B、日期表达法:月日,年(或日月年)

1949年10月1日 : 

October1st , nineteen forty-nine

=the first of October, nineteen forty-nine

2000年:   the year two thousand

=twenty hundred

2001年:   twenty o one

3月1日:  March the first = the first of March

C、表编号:

第207房间:Room 207

第五课: Lesson 5 = the fifth lesson

D、序数词与不定冠词(a; an)连用表“又一;再一”

eg. You’ve done it three times. Why not try a fourth time?

E、分数的表达:分子(基数)、分母(序数)

eg. one third 三分之一 two thirds 三分之二

注意:1.分子超过1时,分母加s

2.含分数的短语作主语由分数后的词决定谓语

eg.1)One third of the students are girls.

  2)One third of the milk is mine.

3.分数的特殊形式

1)one third = a third

2)one fourth = a quarter

  three fourths = three quarters

3)one second = a half

F、一些数词的复数 + of表约数:

hundreds of ; thousands of ; millions of

 

练    习

(  )1.If you go out at night, you’ll be able to see ____ starts.

A. thousands of      B. thousand of

C. nine thousands of  D. thousands

(  )2.Monday is ___ day of the week.

A. first            B. the first

C. the second       D. second

(  )3.You’ve done it twice. Why not try ____ time?

A. third  B. the third  C. a third  D. once

(  )4.Which is the____ month? It’s September.

A. nine  B. nineth   C. ninth  D. ninety

(  )5.December is ___ of the year.

A. the twelfth months  B. the twelfth month

C. the twelveth months D. twelve months

(  )6.There are ___ floors in the building and he lives on the ____ floor.

A. eighteen, fifteen  B. eighteenth, fifteenth

C. eighteen, fiveteen D. eighteen, fifteenth

(  )7.I was born ___, 1982.

A. on June 2rd     B. in June 2nd

C. on June two     D. on June 2

(  )8.It’s ____ from our home to the zoo.

A. two and a half hours’ walk

B. a half and two hours walk

C. two hours and a half hour’s walk

D. two and a half hour’s walk

(  )9.What time is it now? It’s ___ to six.

A. quarter B. a quarter C. quarto  C. a quarto

(  )10.Will you be back in ____ ?

A. one or two minutes B. one minute or two

C. two minutes or one D. two or one minute

(  )11.Mary’s uncle went to France ____.

A. in his thirties      B. on his thirties

C. at his thirties      D. about his thirties

(  )12.The headmaster wrote a ___ report.

A. two thousand words B.two-thousand-words

C. two-thousand words D. two-thousand-word

(  )13.____of the apples in the fruit bowl are soft and sweet.

A. Two-third         B. Second-third

C. Two-thirds         D. Second-thirds

(  )14.We have learned about ____ these days.

A. several hundreds English words

B. hundreds of English words

C. hundred of English words

D. several hundred English word

(  )15.A UN report says that the word population will pass six billion by the end of ____ century.

A. twentieth         B. twenty

C. the twentieth      D. the twentyth

五、介词

1.in; on; at用在时间词前,表“在”

 1)at + 具体时刻

 2)on + 具体某天(具体某天的上、下午等;星期词;以及上、下午词前有修饰词时)

 3)in + 年、月、季节及一天中的某部分

但注意:at night= in the night  at noon 

at this / that time   at Christmas

eg. 1.___ the morning 2.___ Monday morning

3. ___ a rainy evening 4. ___3:50  5.__ 2002

6.___ the morning of April 10  7.___ spring

8.___ night   9.___ this time 10. ___ March

另外注意:在时间词(morning , afternoon , evening ; Sunday…)前有last, next , this , that时,不再用介词. tomorrow, tonight前也不用介词。

eg. I will go(A) to the cinema(B) in(C) this evening.                 ______________

2. in , on , at 表地点:

at一般指小地方;in一般指大地方或某个范围之内;on往往表示“在某个物体的表面”。例如:

eg. 1)He arrived ___Shanghai yesterday.

2)They arrived ___a small village before dark.

3)There is a big hole ____ the wall.

4)The teacher put up a picture ____ the wall.

3.in , on , to表方位

  in(范围内);on(范围外且接壤);to(范围外但不接壤)。可表示为下图的位置关系

eg.1)Taiwan is in the southeast of China.

  2)Hubei is on the north of Hunan.

  3)Japan is to the east of China.

    cross: 动词“跨过,越过”=go across

4.  across: (表面)跨过

through: (内部)穿过,贯穿  介词

eg. 1)Can you swim _____ the river?

   2)The road runs __________ the forest.

   3) _____ the bridge, you’ll find a cinema.

5.  in + 时间段:与将来时连用

after + 时间段:与过去时连用

但after + 时间点:可与将来时连用。

 1) I’ll leave _______ three o’clock.. That is, I’ll leave ________ about ten minutes.

 2)They left _______ two weeks.

6. in the tree(外加在树上的事物)

  on the tree(树上自身具有的花、果、叶等)

in the wall(镶嵌在墙内部的事物)

7. on the wall(墙表面的事物)

 1) There is a map ___ the wall

 2) There are four windows ___ the wall.

8.by bike / bus / car / ship (单数且无冠词)

但当这些交通工具名词前有其它修饰词时,则应使用相应的介词。

eg. by bike = on a(the; his) bike

   by car = in a(the ; her) car

   on: 在…(表面)上——接触

9.  over: 在…的正上方

   above: 在…的斜上方  未接触

 1) The moon rose ______ the hill.

 2) There is a bridge _____ the river.

 3) There is a book ______ the desk.

10. between: 在(两者)之间

   among :在(三者以上)之间

 1)A big crowd of people were waiting for Li Lida on the beach. ________ them were his parents.

 2)Tom sits ________Lucy and Lily.

11.on与about : 关于

  on用于较正式的演讲、学术、书籍等

  about用于非正式的谈话或随便提及

eg. He gave a talk ____ the history of the Party

12. in front of :在…前面/方(范围外)= before

   in / at the front of:在……前部(范围内)

1)There is a big tree _______ of the classroom.

2)A driver drives _________ of the bus.

类似区别:at the back of与behind

13.with和in: 表示“用“

  with: 指“用工具、手、口等”

  in: 指“用语言、话语、声音等”

 1) Please write the letter ____ a pen.

 2) Please speak ____ a loud voice.

14. on a farm ; in a factory ; the girl in the hat ; leave for: 动身前往某地

15.一些固定搭配:

(1)介词与动词的搭配

listen to , laugh at, get to, look for;

wait for, hear from, turn on, turn off, worry about, think of, look after, spend…on…, 等。

(2)介词与名词的搭配

on time, in time, by bus, on foot,

with pleasure, on one’s way to, in trouble,

at breakfast, at the end of, in the end等。

(3)介词与形容词的搭配

be late for, be afraid of, be good at,

be interested in, be angry with,

be full of, be sorry for等。

六、连词: 从属连词和并列连词

(一)从属连词:用于连接各种从句的连词

(二)并列连词:

并列连词用来连接具有并列关系的词,短语或句子。常见的并列连词有:

1.表并列关系的and, both…and, not only…but also, neither…nor等。

2. 表选择关系的or, either…or等。

3. 表转折关系的but, while(然而)等。

4.表因果关系的for, so等。

5.   and: “和”在肯定句中表并列

or: “和”在否定句中表并列

另外:1)or  “或者”用于选择疑问句

      2)or “否则”

eg. ①.Which do you like better, tea or milk?

   ②.Hurry up, or you’ll be late for school.

 6.but “但是”表转折

eg. I listened, but I heard nothing.

注意:1)though(虽然), but(但是)不能连用

      2)not … but  不是…而是

eg. This book isn’t mine but yours.

both… and : 既…又(连接主语为复数)

neither…nor: 既不…也不        连接两主

 7.  either…or: 或者…或者         语后者决

    not only … but also:不但…而且  定单、复

eg.1)Both he and I are students.

2)Neither he nor I am a student.

练     习

(  )1.___ the afternoon of May, we visited the old man.       A. On   B. At     C. In

(  )2.Many people work ___ the day and sleep ___ night.    A. on ; at  B. in ; in  C. in ; at

(  )3.He speaks Japanese best ____ the boy students.   A. between  B. with  C. among

(  )4.A wolf ___ a sheep skin is our dangerous enemy.     A. with     B. in    C. on

(  )5.Joan hopes to come back ___ three days.

A. after      B. for      C. in

(  )6.They sent the letter to me ___ mistake.

A. by        B. for      C. with

(  )7.He left home ___ a cold winter evening.

A. at         B. on      C. in

(  )8.Shanghai is ____ the east of China.

A. in         B. on       C. to

(  )9.____ my father’s help, I have finished my composition.

A. Under      B. On       C. with

(  )10.He’s very strict ____ himself and he’s very strict ___ his work.

A. with ; in     B. in ; with   C. with ; with

(  )11.I really can’t agree ____ you.

A. to          B. on        C. with

(  )12.The shop won’t open ___ nine in the morning.

A. until        B. at         C. during

(  )13.How about ___ the flowers now?

A. watering     B. are watering C. watered

(  )14.She spent all his money ___ books.

A. in           B. with       C. on

(  )15.They are talking ___ low voices.

A. with         B. in          C. on

(  )16.It’s very kind ___ you to help us.

A. for         B. to      C. of

(  )17.What will you have ___ breakfast this morning?

A. with        B. for      C. by

(  )18.A plane is flying ____ the city.

A. on         B. over      C. above

(  )19.You are free to speak ___ the meeting.

A. at          B. in       C. on

(  )20.Mr. Green will stay in China___ Friday.

A. to          B. on        C. till

(  )21.It’s wrong to play tricks ___ other people.

A. on          B. of         C. with

(  )22.Which color do you like? I prefer blue ___ red.    A. for        B. as      C. to

(  )23.The student will give us a talk ___ how to use our spare time.

A. for         B. on         C. in

(  )24.I paid two hundred yuan ___ that kind of bicycle.

A. in          B. for         C. on

(  )25.The doctor is very kind ___ his patients

A. to          B. on          C. at

(  )26.We can’t live ___ air.

A. in          B. with         C. without

(  )27.The child was afraid ___ the strange sound.     A. at      B. for      C. of

(  )28.He was very angry ___ her for being late.       A. for     B. with     C. at

(  )29.What do you think ___ the play?

A. about        B. like         C. of

(  )30.I think it’s the right way to work out the problem, but I am not sure _____ it.

A. do           B. for         C. of

(  )31.Reading ___ the sun isn’t good ___ you

A. under ; for     B. in ; for      C. in ; to

(  )32.I won’t ask about it, I’m going to see it ____ my own eyes.

A. by            B. for         C. with

(  )33.We go to school every day ____ Sunday.      A. except         B. without     C. on

(  )34.There is a small river ___ the two towns  A. in   B. between    C. among

(  )35.Li Lei sometimes falls asleep ___ the lesson.  A. for     B. through    C. during

(  )36.Mr. Black went to Paris ___ a few days.

A. for           B. in       C. after

(  )37.They will leave ________ London next month.

A. to            B. from     C. for

(  )38.Are you going to the zoo ___ bus or ___ my car?

A. on ; by        B. by ; in    C. on ; in

(  )39.He woke up several times ___ the night

A. in            B. at        C. on

(  )40.No one can stop her ___ going away.

A. of            B. from     C. out of

(  )41.What do you mean ___ “bao zhi”?

A. on            B. with     C. by

(  )42.You’ll get a nice present ____ your parents____ your birthday.

A. from ; on      B. for ; at    C. frm ; in

(  )43.Light comes in ____ the window.

A. from          B. across     C. through

(  )44.There are many apples ___ the tree. A bird ___ the tree is picking an apple.

A. in ; on        B. on ; in     C. in ; at

(  )45. “Who are you going to play ____?”  “Grade Two.”

A. about          B. by       C. against

(  )46. Don’t go ___ the street. The bus is coming.

A. cross          B. across     C. past

(  )47.He lives ___ the twentieth floor ___ No. 154 Zhongshan Street.

A. on ; at         B. in ; in      C. on ; in

(  )48.He found a piece of useful information ___ the Internet.

A. at            B. on          C. in

(  )49.___ my surprise, he lost the game.

A. With         B. To           C. On

(  )50.The blind man knows the money ___ touching and feeling it.

A. with          B. by         C. through

(  )51. We traveled overnight to Paris and arrived _______ 5 o’clock ______ the morning.

A. on; in  B. at; in  C. at; on  D. in; on

(  )52. Where’s Lily? We are all here _______ her.

A. beside  B. about  C. except  D. with

(  )53. She sent her friend a postcard _______ a birthday present.

A. on      B. as    C. for     D. of

(  )54. Jack has studied Chinese in this school _______ the year of 2000.

A. since    B. in    C. on      D. by

(  )55. ---What is a writing brush, do you know?

    ---It’s _______ writing and drawing.

A. with     B. to    C. for      D. by

(  )56. English is widely used ______ travellers and business people all over the world.

 A. to      B. for    C. as      D. by

(  )57. ______ the help of my teacher, I caught up with the other students.

A. Under    B. In     C. With   D. On

(  )58. Hong Kong is ______ the south of China, and Macao is ______ the west of Hong Kong.

A. in; to  B. to; to  C. to; in  D. in; in

(  )59. ---You’d better not go out now. It’s raining.

    ---It doesn’t matter. My new coat can keep ______ rain.

A. in     B. of    C. with   D. off

(  )60. Japan lies ______ the east of China.

A. to     B. in    C. about     D. at

(  )61. ---Will the foreigners have any problems talking with Chinese in 2008?

    ---I don’t think so. Now ______ the young ______ the old can speak some English.

A. either…or      B. not only… but also

C. neither…nor    D. both…or

(  )62. We didn’t catch the train _______ we left late.

A. so   B. because  C. but  D. though

(  )63. Tom failed in the exam again _______ he wanted to pass it very much.

A. if    B. so      C. though  D. as

(  )64. I won’t believe that the five-year-old boy can read five thousand words ______ I have tested him myself.

A. after  B. when    C. if     D. until

(  )65. The book was so interesting that he had read it for three hours ______ he realized it.

A. when  B. until    C. after  D. before

(  )66. ---This dress was last year’s style.

     ---I think it still looks perfect ______ it has gone out this year.

A. so that            B. even though 

C. as if              D. ever since

(  )67. Hurry up, _______ you will miss the train.

A. and    B. so    C. however    D. or

(  )68. The mountain was ______ steep _____ few people in our city reached the top.

A. so…as         B. so…that 

C. as…as         D. too…to

(  )69. ---Do you remember our pleasant journey to Xi’an?

     ---Of course. I remember everything ______ it happened yesterday.

A. as soon as         B. even though

C. rather than        D. as if

(  )70. ______ you can’t answer this question, we have to ask someone else for help.

A. Although          B. While 

C. Whether           D. Since

七、形容词、副词的比较等级

1.原级:表示A与B在某方面相同。

句型:1) A + 谓 + as + 原级 + as + B

 2) A + 谓(否定) + as/so + 原级 + as + B

 A与B在某方面不同

注意:not as / so… as = less than 不及;不如

eg. 1)This girl is as beautiful as that one.

   2)You don’t eat so much as I

   3)This book isn’t as interesting as that one

  = This book is ___ ________ _____ that one

2.比较级:两者进行比较(常与than连用)

1)I am cleverer than you 我比你聪明。

2)He runs faster than Jim 他比Jim跑得快。

3)I picked more apples than Jim.我比你摘的苹果多。

4)Which is more interesting, this one or that one? 哪本书更有趣,这本还是那本?

3.最高级:三者(或三者以上)进行比较(常与表范围的in , of短语连用)

( 注意:of + 个体名词单数  in + 集合名词 )

eg. 1)Shanghai is the biggest city in China.

   2)He runs fastest in our class.

   3)He is the tallest of the three boys.

   4)Which is the easiest, Lesson1, Lesson2 or Lesson3 ?

4.形、副比较等级的其他用法

 1) “比较级and 比较级” 表示 “越来越……”

eg. lazier and lazier 越来越懒

(但注意:如果多音节词用此结构时应为 more and more + 形、副)

eg. more and more beautiful 越来越漂亮

 2) “the比较级,the比较级”  “越……,越……”

eg. the more, the better 多多益善

   _________ you are, _______ you will get.

   你越懒,收获越少。

 3) “the比较级of +二者” “二者中较……的一个”

eg. 1) Lucy is the younger of the twins.

   2) Of(A) the two books(B) this one(C) is thicker(D).             _________

 4)表示二者相差多少用 “具体数量 + 比较级”

eg. He’s a head taller than me.

   My brother is two years older than me

5)表示“是……几倍”时用“twice; three times等 + as…as”

eg. 1)This book costs twice as much as that one. 这本书的价钱是那本书的两倍。

   2)He has four times as many books as I have 他拥有的书是我拥有的四倍。

6)区别older / elder与farther / further

  older(年龄较老的)

  elder(指兄弟姐妹中排行在前的)

eg. My ______ brother is ______ than me.

  farther (指距离“较远的”)

  further(指抽象事物的“更进一步的”)

eg.1)He went abroad for ________ studies.

  2)Fusun is _________ from our school than Zhaohua.

 

形、副比较等级还应注意

1.比较级前用a little ; much / a lot ; even / still来加强语气,表示“……一点儿;……得多 ; 更……”

eg. 1) a little bigger 大一点儿

   2)much more 多得多

   3)even heavier更重

但注意:不能在比较级前加so; too; very; quite等。

2.比较级必须是同类事物相比(即as; than后的词应与主语是同类事物),注意常用漏的代词有:that; those; one; ones

eg. 1)The apples (A) in this basket (B) are redder (C) than in that basket(D). _________

2)This knife (A) isn’t (B) so (C) new as that (D).                   _______________

3)Our classroom (A) is (B) bigger (C) than Lily(D).                _______________

3.个体与整体相比,不能包括个体,常用“any other + 单数名词”来进行比较。

eg.1)Betty(是个体) is cleverer than any student in her class(是整体).          (  ×  )

正:Betty is cleverer than any other student in her class.

=Betty is cleverer than anybody else in her class.

=Betty is the cleverest in her class.

(特别注意以上三种句型的转换)

  2)China is bigger than any country in Africa.

  中国比非洲的任何一个国家都大。

  3) China is bigger than any other country in Asia. 中国比亚洲的任何一个其他国家大。

*4.使用最高级时应把主语包括在范围内。

eg. Mary is the tallest of all her sisters.( × )

(all her sisters已排除了Mary)

改:Mary is the tallest of all the sisters.

5.表示“第二、第三……”时,可在最高级前加“second , third, …”(但“第一”不能用first)

eg. The Changjiang River is the first longest river in China.    改错:________________

 

附:形、副比较级和最高级的变化规则

A、规则变化

1.“辅 + y”结尾,变y为i加er , est

(但“形 + ly ”构成的副词除外)

2.双写加er , est

3.直接加 er , est / r, st

4.在多音词前加more , most (以“形 + ly ”构成的副词也在前加more , most)

B、不规则变化

原级

比较级

最高级

good/well

better

best

many/much

more

most

bad/ill/badly

worse

worst

little

less

least

old

older/elder

oldest/eldest

far

farther

further

farthest

furthest

 

 

另外:

1)      以-er , -ow , -ble , -ple结尾的双音节词加er, est / r, st.

narrow ________  ________

simple _________  _________

able _______  _______

2)      tired__________  __________

pleased ___________  ____________

3) often ________________  _____________

  friendly_______________  ____________

4)在形容词的最高级前一般加the, 副词的最高级前一般不加the (但当形容词最高级前有物主代词、所有格时则不再加the)。

eg. Lily is my the best friend.(改错) ________

5)形容词作表语、定语,修饰名词(但部分形容词不能作定语,只能表语:ill ; alone ; asleep ; afraid ; interested ; excited ; surprised ).

副词作状语,修饰动词。

练   习

一、写出下列词的比较级和最高级

thin ____  ____     easy _____  ______

early ______  ______ new ______  ______

hot ______   ______ clever ______ _______

little _____   ______ late _____  ______

narrow______ ______fat _____  ______

many ______  _____ big _____  ______

dangerous__________  ___________

wonderful __________  ___________

careful __________  ____________

slowly __________  ____________

popular __________  ____________

二、选择填空

(  )1.Which language is ____ , English, French or Chinese?

A. difficult     B. the difficult

C. more difficult D. the most difficult

(  )2.Yangpu Bridge is one of ___ in the world

A. bigger bridge  B. the biggest bridge

C. the biggest bridges D. bigger bridges

(  )3.Tom is taller than Mike. But he is not ____ Mike.

A. strong as        B. so strong as

C. so strong        D. as strong

(  )4.Most of the people in Guangdong are getting ______.

A. more and rich  B. more rich and more rich

C. richer and richer D. rich and rich

(  )5.This text is ____ easier and ____ interes- ting than that one.

A. more ; much   B. much ; more

C. more ; more    D. much ; much

(  )6.Which do you like ____, beef, pork or chicken?

A. good  B. well  C. better  D. best

(  )7.Put on more clothes. It is snowing ___ outside. A. strongly  B. heavy   C. heavily

(  )8.John drives as ___ as Tom.

A. carefully  B. good  C. nice  D. fine

(  )9.Is China larger than ____ in Africa.

A. any country        B. any other country

C. any countries       D. all countries

(  )10.My ___ brother is ___ than I.

A. elder, three years older B. older ; older

C. older; three years elder D. elder ; elder

(  )11.Li Mei is more beautiful than ___ in her class.

A. any girl         B. any other girl

C. all the girls      D. any girls

(  )12.This problem is ___ than that one.

A. ten times easy   B. ten times easier

C. ten times more easy D. ten time easier

(  )13.This film is ___ interesting than that one.

A. more   B. much   C. very  D. the most

(  )14.There is ___ in today’s newspaper.

A. interesting nothing B. nothing interesting

C. interested nothing D. nothing interested

(  )15.The teacher asked all the students in the class to keep their eyes ____.

A. close  B. to close  C. closing D. closed

(  )16.The fat man always says his meat looks ____ and sells _____.

A. good ; good       B. well ; well

C. good ; well        D. well ; good

(  )17.It seems that men are ____ making computers than women.

A. better at      B. good at

C. well in       D. weak in

(  )18.The word’s population is growing fast every minute, especially in some ___ countries

A. west         B. more developed

C. east          D. less developed

(  )19.This bridge is not ___ long and wide ____ the one in my hometown.

A. so ; as B. very ; than C. too; as D. very ; as

(  )20.I think the song in the film “Titanic” is ___ one of all the movie songs.

A. the most beautiful  B. most beautiful

C. much more beautiful D. a beautiful

(  )21.Lin Tao is as ___ as Zhang Hua.

A. strong            B. stronger

C. strongest          D. the strongest

(  )22.Sara is ___ tired ___ move after the hard work.

A. very ; to           B. quite ; to

C. too ; to            D. so ; that

(  )23. Jack didn’t run ___ to catch the bus.

A. enough fast        B. quickly enough

C. enough slow       D. slowly enough

(  )24.The driver is very ___. He often drives his car _____.

A. careful ; careful     B. carefully; carefully

C. carefully ; careful    D. careful ; carefully

(  )25.Look! All the children are working ___ on the farm.

A. careful B. hard  C. busy  D. happy

(  )26.The population of Shanghai is ___ than that of Xi’an.

A. smaller B. fewer  C. much   D. larger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

附Ⅰ——动词的四种形式

A、动三单的变法

   1) “辅+y”结尾, 变y为i加es

   2) “以s; sh; ch; x; o结尾, 加es

   3)直接加s

但have----has

B、现在分词的变法

   1)去e加ing (e不发音)

   2)双写加ing (“辅元辅”结尾且重读,y;w列外)

   3)直接加ing

写出下列动词的现在分词

1.see_______2.come ________3.stop_______

4.open _______5.listen_______6.drop ______

7.prefer________8.fix_______ 9.relax ______

10.die _______11.tie _______12.lie _______

C、动词的过去式和过去分词

(一)不规则变化(见课本不规则变化表P255)

(二)规则变化

   1) “辅+y”结尾,变y为i加ed

   2)双写加ed

   3)直接加ed

写出下列动词的过去式和过去分词

1.drop ______ _______2.stop ______ ______

3.prefer ________  _________

4.study ______ ______5.try   ______  ____

6.fix _____  ______ 7.relax ______  ______

附Ⅱ——情态动词(can/ could; may/ might; must; should)+动原

1.must(必须)——needn’t(不必)

  may(可以)——mustn’t(不许;不准;不可以)

2.注意几个题:

 1)—May I go with you?

   —No, you _________.

 2)—Must I turn off the light now?

   —Yes, you ______/ No, you _________

附Ⅲ——动词不定式与动名词

A、动词不定式作宾补

  1)tell / ask / want sb to do ______________

否定式:tell/ask/want sb not to do __________

       ____________________

 2)省to不定式作宾补

即:(l, m, n, 3h, 2看, 1f) sb do

l—let; m—make; n—notice; 3h—hear, have, help; 2看—see, watch; 1f—feel

但注意:1)help sb (to) do (to可省、可不省)

        2)在改作被动语态时省去的to应还原

eg. Someone heard him sing in the room.

   He was heard to sing in the room.

B、动词不定式与动名词的区别

1.(hope; learn; want=would like; decide) to do

2.(enjoy; finish; keep; mind; practise) doing

 

8.介词+doing

eg. 1)What/ How about doing

   2)be good at doing

附Ⅳ——宾语从句与状语从句中的时态

1.状语从句中的时态:

主句

时间、条件句

1)一般将来时 2)祈使句 3)情态动词原形

一般现在时

一般过去时

一般过去时

eg.1)I’ll call you as soon as he ______ (come) back.

  2)He won’t go to bed until he _________ (finish) his homework.

 3)I’ll help you if I _____ (be) free tomorrow

2.宾语从句中的时态:

主句

宾语从句

一般现在时

一切时态

一般过去时

过去范畴的某一时态(一般过去时;过去进行时;过去完成时;过去将来时)

但当宾语从句是指客观事实、普遍真理、自然现象时,则只能用一般现在时。

eg.1)He said his father _________(come) back in two days.

  2)The teacher said light ________(travel) faster than sound.

附Ⅴ——主谓一致

1.表“时间、距离、金钱、长度”的名词短语做主语时应看作一个整体,视为三单

eg. Two months is quite a long time.

2.people; police形单实为复,作主为复

eg. The police are looking for the missing boy.

3.maths, news, physics形复实为单,作主为单

4.family; class看作整体时作主语为单数;看作整体中的各成员时则为复数。

eg. 1)My family is a big one.

   2)My family are watching TV.

5.由with, except, as well as连接的两名词作主语,谓语由前者决定

eg. The teacher with his students is going to Beijing tomorrow.

6.由neither…nor; either…or; not only…bout also连接的两名词作主语,谓语由后者决定

eg. Neither he nor I am a teacher.

7.不定代词(something; anything; nothing; someone; anyone; everyone…)作主语为三单

Nobody knows it except me.

8.One of + 复名… 作主语为单数

eg. One of my friends is a computer engineer.

9.“the +姓的复数”作主语为复数

eg. The Lius are watching TV now.

10.sheep; deer; fish单复同形,注意区别作主语是单还是复

eg. 1)There are many sheep on the hill.

   2)Milk ____ white, and sheep ______ white, too. (be填空)

11.there be结构中,如果有两个以上的名词作主语,则be应与最接近的那个名词一致。(即:靠近原则)eg.

1)There ____a box and some pens on the desk.

2)There ____some pens and a box on the desk.

12. either, neither, each作主语为三单

eg. Neither of the twins ______(like) drawing.

13.由两部分构成的事物名词(trousers, glasses, chopsticks)作主语为复数,但当前面有pair短语修饰时,则谓语由pair的单复数来决定谓语。

eg.1)Where ____(be) my glasses?

  2)That pair of trousers ____(be) Mr. Green’s

附Ⅵ——“短命”动词与“长命”动词之间的转化

buy—have ; borrow—keep ; die—be dead ; leave—be away (from); come back—be back; fall asleep—be asleep ; open—be open ;

catch a cold—have a cold; go /get out—be out;

arrive (reach / get to / come to) +地点—be in +地点;join—be in +集体(或be  + 成员);

turn on—be on; turn off—be off ;

get a letter from—have a letter from.

end /finish—be over ; get up—be up ;

1) He has (A) bought (B) the fridge (C) for (D) two years.                    _________

2)How long (A) may (B) I borrow (C) the (D) book?                       _________

3)The film (A) has begun (B) for five minutes(C).                  _________

4)Tom has got (A) the letter (B) from (C) Jim for two days (D).             __________

5)I have (A) caught (B) a cold since two years ago (C).                   ____________

6)He has (A) come to (B) Beijing for ten years(C)                   ___________

7)My brother (A) has joined (B) the army (C) for (D) five years.            ___________

 

练   习

一、写出下列各时态的构成,然后找出各时态所对应的时间状语,只写代号

1、一般现在时:__________  _________

时间状语 _______________________

2、一般过去时 _________________

  时间状语_______________________

3、一般将来时:___________  __________

__________

时间状语_____________________

4、现在进行时_____________________

   时间状语_______________________

5、 现在完成时____________________

   时间状语_______________________

6、过去进行时_____________________

   时间状语_______________________

提供的时间状语如下:

A.     since she came in  B. in two days 

C.      when she came in  D. next week

E.      often  F. five days ago  G. sometimes

H.      last year  I. look之后的句子 J. just

K.      at 4:30 yesterday  L. so far 

M. for ten years  N. since two years ago

二、用所给动词的适当形式填空

1.Mother ________ (watch) TV every evening.

2.We________(talk) when the teacher came in.

3.He ________(go) to Beijing two days ago.

4.He ________(leave) Chengdu in two days.

5.Look! The boy________(play) football on the playground.

6.My uncle ______(live) here for ten years.

7.He often helps the old woman _______ (carry) water.

8.Would you like to make a contribution to ________ (improve) our living conditions?

9.Don’t forget ________(turn) off the lights before you go out.

10.Please let the girls _____(go) first.

11.They had great fun ________(play) football this afternoon.

12.Do you enjoy ________(watch) TV?

13.Would you like ______(have) a cup of tea?

14.You can ______(go) there tomorrow.

15.Would you mind my _____(open) the door?

16.Please ask him _______(speak) more loudly

17.I’ll go fishing if it ____(be) fine tomorrow.

18.He said his grandpa ________(be) dead for ten years.

19.Tell the children __________(not play) in the street.

20.Mr Zhu spent much time _________(help) me with my English.

21.I’ll tell you as soon as he ____ (come) back.

22.Each of us _____(want) to go to college.

23.Thank you for ______(help) me.

24.The teacher told us the earth ____(go) round the sun.

25.My father is good at _____(fish).

26.You’d better______(not talk) in class.

27.The teacher stopped_______(talk) to us when we went into the office.

28.I saw her _______(cook) when I got home.

29.Look! A woman with two children _____ (be) coming towards us.

30.His family ___ not big, but the family ____ (be) interested in music.

31.Two months _____(be) quite a long time.

32.He asked if Tom ______(come) in two days

33.One of our teachers _____(be) a foreigner.

34.The Greens ______(have) been to the Great Wall twice.

35.He is practicing _______(speak) English with Mr. Green.

36.This pair of glasses ___ mine. The glasses on the table ____ his (be).

37.There ____ an apple, a pear and some bananas on the table. (be)

38.______(read) in bed ___(be)bad your eyes.

39.Hello, Jim! I ________ (not know) you we in Chengdu. I ______ (tell) you were still in London.

40.It _______(say) that another bridge_______ (build) over the river next year.

41. He left the room without _______ (say) goodbye.

42. Many trees ________ (plant) in our school yard these years.

43. The police _____ (be) trying to catch the thief.

44. The family _____(be) spending the weekend together.

三、选择填空

(  )1.—Must I turn off the light now?

---No, you _______

A. needn’t  B. mustn’t  C. can’t

(  )2.Our teacher told us the sun ____ in the east.      A. rose   B. rises  C. is rising

(  )3.He ___ back in a month.

A. will come    B. come   C. came

(  )4.I ___ him before.

A. met    B. had met     C. have met

(  )5.The teacher ____ to Japan this year. She’s now telling her pupils about it.

A. went    B. has been    C. has gone

(  )6.It ____ hard when I got home yesterday.

A. rained   B. is raining   C. was raining

(  )7.Why not ____ again?

A. to try    B. try       C. trying

(  )8.He has finished ____ the letter.

A. writing   B. to write   C. wrote

(  )9.It _____ every night.

A. happens   B. is happened  C. happened

(  )10.The policeman told the children ____ in the street.

A. not play   B. not to play  C. don’t play

(  )11.The box is too heavy for me ____.

A. to carry it  B. to carry  C. carrying it

(  )12.Stop ____and listen to the teacher.

A. to read    B. read     C. reading

(  )13.He is still looking for a house ____.

A. to live    B. to live in  C. to live in it

(  )14.I heard her ___ when I passed her room just now.    A. sing  B. singing  C. to sing

(  )15.—May I go with you ?

---No, you ______.

A. may not  B. can not    C. mustn’t

(  )16.There are some ____ in the river.

A. air       B. fish      C. water.

(  )17.Sheep __ white and milk ___white, too.

A. is ; is     B. is ; are    C. are ; is

(  )18.The class ___ going to see a film this afternoon.

A. am       B. is        C. are

(  )19.Jim’s shoes ____ under the bed.

A. are        B. is       C. was

(  )20.Three years ____ quite a long time.

A. is         B. are      C. were

(  )21.The clothes are mine. Yours ____ under the bed.

A. is          B. are      C. were

(  )22.There ___ a lot of news in today’s newspaper.

A. is          B. are      C. were

(  )23.--Can you answer this question in English? No, I _____.

A. needn't  B. mustn't  C. may not  D. can't

(  )24. The teacher wanted us _____ Exercise 1, but you let me ______ Exercise 2.

A.to do, do      B. to do, to do 

C. do, to do      D. do, do 

(  )25. Miss Green saw a wallet ______on the ground when she walked past the school gate.

A. lie     B. lying     C. lies    D. to lie 

(  )26.What have you done _____ the milk? I've just _____ it.

A. with, eaten         B.for, eaten 

C. with, drunk         D. for, drunk   

(  )27.The radio _______ it will get warmer later.

A. says    B. speaks    C.talks    D. tells

(  )28. You must be very tired. Why not _____ a rest?

A. stop having         B.stop to have 

C.to stop having        D. to stop to have

(  )29. Li Ping is young, but he _____ many places of interest in South China.

A.went to         B. has been in 

C.has gone to      D. has been to 

(  )30. Mother told me _____ in the sun.

A. not read        B. don't read 

C. read not        D. not to read  

(  )31.Do you often see her ______ volleyball on the playground?

A. play  B. played  C. plays   D. to play     

(  )32.Alice didn't hear what the teacher said just now,so she doesn't know how _______ the problem. 

A. do     B. did    C. to do   D. doing  

(  )33.When the little boy ____someone coming upstairs,he stopped _____.

A. heard…crying    B. listened…to cry 

C. heard…to cry     D. listened…cry

(  )34.I ______ my ruler at home.Can I use yours,please?

A. forgot           B. have forgotten 

C. left             D. have left 

(  )34.Jim _____ the good news to his classmates this morning.

A. spoke   B. told   C. said   D. talked

 

 

 

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(17)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017